From the Bastardy Bonds, Randolph County, NC: Vidales, C. L, Cates, L. & Winslow Donahue, P. (2012). Bastardy Bond Abstracts and Related Records, 1786-1918. Asheboro, NC: Randolph County Genealogical Society.
Bastardy Bonds were the state’s way of insuring that babies born out of wedlock would not become public wards and a financial burden on the state. The bond was intended to guarantee financial care and maintenance for two years. After that, beginning around three years old, if the child still wasn’t being cared for adequately, the child could be placed in an apprenticeship to learn a trade in return for which they would be cared for by the person with whom they were placed. The vagaries of that system will be discussed another time.
The names listed here were extracted by Vidales, Cates, and Winslow (2012) from the original folders. The information can also be found in the court minute books and I have noticed that in at least one entry the name was given differently. I have attempted to identify the names of those people of color who are part of or related to the families of southwestern Randolph County and whose names appear in either of the books. The list appears here. Comments on the entries will follow below.
Woman/Man Bondsman B/U Year Page Other
Huldy Phelps/Unnamed James Davis/Seth Wade B 1818 20
Laura/Laury Ann Williams/
Colier Lassiter/Phillips William Lassiter B 11/1850 55
Sarah Henley/Alex Scott none named U 1859 64
Margary Scarlett/George Potter none named B 1859 64
Not named/George Potter, alias Balfour none named — 1862 67
Margaret Philips/Allen Floyd Thomas Potter B 1865 69
Macy (Mary?) Mose/Logan A. Ridge —- U 1866 73 Warrnt dism/d
Mary M. Potter/Unnamed Ira Potter & Elias Potter — 1872 86
Nore Phillips/Unnamed Lewis Phillips B 1875 93 Eliza Phillips
Rebecca Dunston/Unnamed Robert Harris B 1875 93 Willie Duns[t]on
Lanora Philips/Samuel B. Toney Charles Toney B 1877 98 Boy
Louiza Hill/Julius Hill none named B 1878 100 (Minerva? Hill)
Mary Potter/Elizer Wilson Alex Garner/Jesse Potter/Henry Potter U 1882 105
Lilla (Della?) Davis/Frank Kearns Eli Simmon & Sherman Hill B 1892 107 (Lama? Davis)
Huldy Phelps. In the Feb 1818 court minutes her name is listed as “Heleah” Phelps. This is Miles Lassiter’s wife and the mother of his children. In other records she is listed as Healy/Helia/Heley Phillips or Lassiter.
Laura/Laury Ann Williams. In the court minutes her name is listed as Lorey Ann Williams.
Alex Scott was the brother of Mary Scott, wife of Reuben Phillips. Mary and Reuben were the parents of Harriett Phillips who married Amos Barzilla Lassiter, grandson of Miles Lassiter, and the parents of George Phillips, husband of Amma Smitherman, great granddaughter of Miles Lassiter.
Nore Phillips. Her father Lewis Phillips, brother to Reuben Phillips, posted bond. What is not mentioned here is that this bond points out another uncomfortable reality of human relations, incest. In fact, Lewis Phillips was the father of the child, a girl, named Eliza. Even subsequent census records were confusing because in 1880 she is listed as a granddaughter, but in 1900 she is listed as a daughter. Both were true. Nore, called Lanora here went on to have another child with Samuel B. Toney, also listed above.
Rebecca Duns[t]on. Rebecca was the daughter of Miles Lassiter’s daughter, Nancy Phillips Lassiter who had married Calvin Duns[t]on. The child was a son, William, who was named in several records, and last listed in the 1920 census, but no death record has been identified for him.
Louiza Hill/Julius Hill is another intra-family birth. They were uncle and niece. It is a truism that when families live in close proximity and relative isolation maintaining boundaries can be difficult. This is as true today as then.
Mary Potter/Elizer Wilson. The Mary Potter here is most likely Mary Jane Hill, widow of Thomas Potter. She would later marry Joseph Eadie. Elizer (Elijah) Wilson was Caucasian and lived in southwestern Randolph County. It is difficult to say anything more than that their paths crossed at some point, possibly more than once. Here the child is said to be unborn, but Mary’s daughter, Della Potter’s death certificate states Leze Wilson was her father. However, Della was born in 1876 and this bond is in 1882. It is not likely these are the same births. It does seem to say there was on-going interactions between the two. That said, it cannot be determined whether the relationship was consensual or an exercise of power by the well-to-do, white neighbor, especially since his name shows up multiple times in this compilation with various women identified.
As additional information about these individuals or others from the community becomes available, updates will be published.